Nextdata Project

Sub-project 1: Integrated observation system for environment and climate monitoring

The Sub-project envisages the development of an integrated observation for environment and climate monitoring, able to promote measurement networks in mountain and  marine areas and to deal with the entire lifetime of the data. It includes the development of measurement and data transmission technologies that are easy to transport, and dedicated for regions with extreme environmental conditions. The measurements will include meteoclimatic and air quality data, the coring of non-polar ice and marine sediments, and environmental data (biodiversity, hydrological cycle). The activities will be undertaken in synergy with international programmes and projects (SHARE, GAW-WMO, UNEP, GMES, GEO/GEOSS, GEWEX, SeaDataNet, ICOS, ECRA). The first Sub-project is divided into seven different Work Packages (WP) according to the type of data measured:

  • WP 1.1 High-altitude climate observation system
  • WP 1.2 GAW-WMO climate observatories
  • WP 1.3 Marine observation systems and climate reconstructions
  • WP 1.4 Environment and climate data from ice cores
  • WP 1.5 Paleoclimate data from marine sediments
  • WP 1.6 Paleoclimatic data from continental region
  • WP 1.7 Mountain ecosystems and biodiversity

Sub-project 2: System of long-term environment and climate digital archives and pilot studies on data use

Sub-project 2 develops a system of repositories storing climatological and environmental data from measurements made during the project, pre-existing measurements, and numerical simulations. It contributes to the establishment of a physical archive of ice cores to the archives of marine sediment cores. It also builds a General Portal providing access to the entire archive ensemble and a centre for data collection and analysis in the Himalaya-Karakorum region, in collaboration with major international research programmes. Sub-project 2 additionally foresees a number of pilot studies based on the use of the Portal, for the definition of the "scientific questions", and for providing answers to applicative questions concerning climate and environment change impacts. It will cover, moreover, training and educational activities and implement the dissemination of NextData results.The second Sub-project is divided into seven WPs:

  • WP 2.1 Archive of high-altitude observation networks
  • WP 2.2 Archive of marine observation networks and climate reconstructions
  • WP 2.3 Archive of data from non-polar ice cores and long-term biological data
  • WP 2.4 Archive of paleoclimatic data from sediment cores
  • WP 2.5 Archive of numerical simulations and projections
  • WP 2.6 Pilot studies on data use, dissemination and project coordination
  • WP 2.7 General portal for data access

Period of activity: January 2012 - December 2015

Mountains are sentinels of climate and environmental change and many marine regions provide information on past climate variations. The Project of Interest NextData will favour the implementation of measurement networks in remote mountain and marine areas and will develop efficient web portals to access meteoclimatic and atmospheric composition data, past climate information from ice and sediment cores, biodiversity and ecosystem data, measurements of the hydrological cycle, marine reanalyses and climate projections at global and regional scale. New data on the present and past climatic variability and future climate projections in the Alps, the Himalaya-Karakoram, the Mediterranean region and other areas of interest will be obtained and made available. The pilot studies conducted during the project will allow for obtaining new estimates on the availability of water resources and on the effects of atmospheric aerosols on high-altitude environments, as well as new assessments of the impact of climate change on ecosystems, health and societies in mountain regions. The system of archives and the scientific results produced by the NextData project will provide a unique data base for research, for environmental management and for the estimate of climate change impacts, allowing for the development of knowledge-based environmental and climate adaptation policies.